Moravské zemské muzeum
Národní muzeum

The process called National Revival – the constitution of the modern Czech

nation, its gradual emancipation inside the Austrian monarchy, its selfconscience

supported by shaping of an independent standard language

– took place, in the territory of historical Moravia and Silesia, with certain

delay. The upswing of patriotic social life that Bohemia had experienced

on the turn of the century came only in the 1830s. Turbulent years 1848-

1849 are represented by F. M. Klácel and A. V. Šembera, editors of patriotic

newspaper Moravské noviny. F.M. Klácel founded the utopian Czech-

Moravian Brotherhood the member of which was also Božena Němcová.

Another important personality was the “Moravian Pope”, the archivist

of Moravia Vincenc Brandl, the leading personality of Moravian revival

of the second half of the 19th century. Students of Czech comprehensive

schools constituted die association Mladá Morava (Young Moravia) in

the 1870s. The play Maryša (1894) by Alois and Vilém Mrštík helped to

introduce a new tendency – the realism on Czech stages. The symbolist

Otokar Březina infl uenced several generations of Czech poets since the

turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. The solitary Josef Florian with his

editing house in Stará Říše brought bright colours into the editing activities

since the WWI and the controversial priest Jakub Deml brought fresh air

into the Czech prose. The anarchist S. K. Neumann experienced in Moravia

the charm of nature and the enthusiasm for technical civilisation.

And the famous newspaper Lidové noviny! It was a cultivated, prompt,

linguistically precise periodical of perfect design and rich content. It

was pride of the co-operation with respected scientists, writers and

economists. Leoš Janáček was one of the authors and on the other hand

his compositions were inspired with texts published in Lidové noviny. He

also put into music several social poems of the industrial north, Slezské

písně, published fi rst anonymously and later under the pseudonym Petr

Bezruč. A personality that could not be overlooked was Jiří Mahen – writer,

dramaturge, librarian, and organizer of cultural events. He co-founded

the left-oriented magazine Index (1920), one of important periodicals of

that time.

Highly appreciated social magazines (Salon, Měsíc, Bytová kultura, later

the extraordinary Telehor) were published there. Further phenomena of

cultural life in Moravia to be mentioned: Brno radio school of the 1930s, in

the 1960s famous writers and poets Ludvík Kundera, Oldřich Mikulášek

or Jan Skácel.

© Moravské zemské muzeum 2010, vytvořila Adamna NET (www.adamna.net)
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