Moravské zemské muzeum
Národní muzeum

In the part dedicated to Middle Ages, the exhibition Treasures of Moravia

concentrates on the contribution of Moravia to the European medieval

culture and shows some of the specifi cs differentiating this territory from

its neighbours.

Even if the period is not long – the 12th – 15th centuries – the theme

is extensive and necessitates several scientifi c disciplines to cover the

topic (history, archival science, history of art, ethnography, archaeology).

Let us choose a few issues concerning the Middle Ages.

1. Important historical events having taken place in Moravia and

infl uenced the fate of the Lands of the Bohemian Crown (shown e.g. in

graphic works from the 19th century), such as the battle near Loděnice

in 1185, Tartars in Moravia, the battle on the Moravian Field in 1278,

the fatal event of Olomouc – the extinction of the Premyslid dynasty in

1306, the proclamation of Matthias Corvinus the King of Bohemia in

1469, the view of Brno as a residential town of Moravian Luxembourgs

Jan Jindřich and Jost, the Hussite movement in Moravia more or less as

a protest of the noblemen against the margrave, bishop and royal cities.

2. Medieval architecture and art in Moravia can be divided into religious

(St. Katarina rotund in Znojmo, church in Řeznovice, monastery Porta

Coeli in Tišnov, St. Prokop basilica in Třebíč, basilica of the Assumption

of Virgin Mary in Staré Brno) and profane (portal of the Old Tow Hall

in Brno, castle Pernštejn). Ecclesiastic art represents an important

chapter including the Romanesque crucifi x or the monstrance from

Uherské Hradiště, and so does medieval sculpture represented e.g. with

the Madonna from Znojmo.

3. Material culture, i.e. objects of everyday use, are represented with

archaeological fi nds, such as Loštice cups, Brno cups, aquamanile,

stove products or weapons – sword, protective armour – conical helmet,

great helm.

4. The Moravian Museum is famous for its systematic long-time

excavations of extinct medieval villages, e.g. Pfaffenschlag, Mstěnice,

Konůvky, Bystřec. Illustrative models show the structure of these villages

and theirs constructions, the then agriculture is documented with rural

equipment compared to that held in ethnographic collections.

The Moravian medieval mining is presented through denarius coins

of Moravian appanage princes, later Moravian margraves, and those

of Olomouc bishopric that show a high artistic level of coin images. After

a nearly centennial break, margrave Jost restored the systematic mintage

in Moravia in the late 14th century. The currency was then complemented

with coins minted in municipal mints.

© Moravské zemské muzeum 2010, vytvořila Adamna NET (www.adamna.net)
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