Moravské zemské muzeum
Národní muzeum

Lower Palaeolithics – is the period of the fi rst appearance of people on

the territory of historical Moravia. The fi rst inhabitants of the country,

probably people of the type Homo heidelbergensis, appear in Moravia

sporadically 1 million years ago. An isolated fi nd, a worked pebble more

than 800 000 years old from the brickyard on the Červený kopec hill in

Brno, bears witness of them. An important discovery of that period was

the use of fi re (Stránská skála).

Middle Palaeolithics – the period between 300 000 and 400 000 years

ago. Moravia was inhabited mostly in the period of 100 000 – 40 000

years ago when Neanderhalians occupied several caves and pitched their

camps in the open air. In the Kůlna cave, proofs of their repeated stay

during some 80 000 years (120 000 – 40 000) have been found.

During Upper Palaeolithics (40 000 – 10 000 years ago) an extraordinary

culture of mammoth hunters (Pavlovian) emerged in Moravia. It is known

especially from Dolní Věstonice, Předmostí, Pavlov, Petřkovice and it is

famous for its unique works of art (grave of a shaman and a mammoth

statuette from Předmostí – both shown in the exhibition). The fi nal stage

of Upper Palaeolithics is represented by the culture of reindeer hunters

(Magdalenian, 15 000 – 10 000 years ago); several important works of art

have been conserved (Pekárna cave).

© Moravské zemské muzeum 2010, vytvořila Adamna NET (